The lakes in South America
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- 1 Lake Titicaca (Peru-Bolivia)
- 2 Sites that you can visit from the Bolivian side
- 3 Lake Mar Chiquita (Argentina)
- 4 General Carrera Lake/ Lake Buenos Aires (Chile-Argentina)
- 5 Argentino Lake (Argentina)
- 6 Viedma Lake (Argentina-Chile)
In South America the largest lakes are located in the Andes. This is due to the complex topography of the region that allows the accumulation of water in closed basins that at the same time form deposits.
Lake Titicaca (Peru-Bolivia)
It is the largest lake in South America. It is located south east of Peru and west of Bolivia at 3812 meters above sea level.
This lake was a sacred place for the Incas, for its majestic landscapes and tranquility.
Main features of Lake Titicaca
It is made up of two basins connected by the Strait of Tiquina. It is fed by five main rivers and more than 20 streams and has 41 islands, mostly inhabited.
It is the highest navigable lake in the world and it possesses extraordinary biodiversity. It is bright blue and bright.
The weather is very cold at night and very hot during the day. You can visit at any time of the year, but between June and August temperatures are lower.
The city of Puno
It is the largest settlement of people located on the shores of Lake Titicaca. It is a folkloric village of Peru and the ideal place to take a tour of the area. You can travel to Puno by plane, train or bus.
The Floating Islands of the Uros
It is a town that lives from the exploitation of a product called totora. The totora is an aquatic junk that grows in the lake, with which its houses and boats are built; It is part of their diet.
It is the largest of this lake. Visitors who want to know the town of Taquile, must climb a ladder of 560 steps. Then you can enjoy a beautiful view to the other side of the lake.
At the tourist level, it has not been very exploited. It offers adventurers a kayak tour through the Floating Islands, Taquile and Amantaní.
Sites that you can visit from the Bolivian side
You can arrive by bus from La Paz to Copacabana. A town located on the shores of Lake Titicaca. This works as a tourist center, which offers handicrafts, restaurants, lodgings and travel agencies.
Island of the Sun
It is the largest lake with 14 Km2. You can access it from Copacabana by boat. It has small bays, settlements and archaeological sites that communicate through several trails.
Lake Mar Chiquita (Argentina)
It’s located in Mar Chiquita, northeast of the province of Cordoba, in north-central Argentina. It’s the second longest lake on the continent.
Characteristics of Lake Mar Chiquita
It is a salt lake, which has no fluvial outlet to the ocean. It is the largest salt lake in Argentina and South America.
This lake has a depth of 35 feet, which allows its size to triple during the rainy season.
General Carrera Lake/ Lake Buenos Aires (Chile-Argentina)
It is a shared lake between Chile and Argentina. For Argentina it is called Buenos Aires Lake and for Chile it is known as General Carrera Lake. It is the third largest in the continent and the largest in Chile.
Its main and most spectacular feature is the attractive shapes of the islets in its waters, formed of calcium carbonate and which has been eroded over thousands of years.
The geological formations of this lake are very pleasing to the eye; some have names like: Marble Cathedral, the Chapel or the Cavern.
You can also access with a small boat to some caves where you can see different shapes and colors that are quite a spectacle.
Argentino Lake (Argentina)
It is located in the Glaciers National Park, Santa Cruz, Argentina. It is the largest lake in Argentina, the third in South America and the fourth in the continent.
Main characteristics of Lake Argentino
It is the largest of the lakes of Patagonia and is the southernmost.
It is located 185 meters above sea level, with a length of 125 kilometers and a width between 14 and 20 kilometers approximately.
The characteristic color of its waters is due to the result of the union of glaciers, which is known as “glacial milk”.
Viedma Lake (Argentina-Chile)
It is located on the border between Argentina and Chile. Its name is due to its discoverer Antonio de Viedma in 1782. The lake has an area of 1,088 km2.
The lake feeds on glacial ice that melts from the Viedma glacier. Its main output is the Santa Cruz River.
From there you can see an excellent image of the Viedma Glacier, the second largest Glacier National Park. This glacier empties into the lake with walls over 40 meters high.