The importance of indigenous communities in Colombia

indigenous communities in colombia

This post is also available in: Español

Indigenous communities in Colombia are an ethnic group that has inhabited the country for thousands of years. Despite their importance, many people do not know what indigenous communities are or what their current situation is. Today we talk about them so you can get to know them better.

What is the indigenous population of Colombia?

Although indigenous communities in Colombia currently represent a minority, historically they have been important players in the country. According to the 2005 census, 10.6% of the Colombian population identified themselves as indigenous. This is equivalent to approximately 3.4 million people. This means that Colombia is the country with the second largest indigenous population in South America, after Peru.

indigenous communities in lost city

Why are indigenous communities important?

From an economic point of view, indigenous communities are important because they represent a source of natural and cultural wealth. They have a great knowledge of natural resource management and agriculture. They also have a great ability for handicrafts and the elaboration of natural products.

On the other hand, they are also important from a social point of view. Indigenous communities are part of Colombia’s cultural diversity as they keep their traditions and customs alive, which enriches Colombian culture.

indigenous communities lost city

For thousands of years, indigenous communities have been an integral part of Colombia’s history and heritage. Despite the many challenges they face, these communities remain a vital force for the country. Their importance in Colombia goes far beyond their contribution to the economy; they also play an important role in environmental conservation.

Indigenous communities living in Lost City

Ciudad Perdida, the indigenous city built by the ancient Tayronas, is one of the jewels of the country. The Tayronas as such no longer exist, but from them descend some indigenous communities that today we know as Koguis, Wiwas, Arhuacos and Kankuanos.

Currently, they are in charge of protecting the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta and maintaining the peace and harmony of this mystical and ancestral place.

lost cuty tour banner

For many years, the Koguis have been the largest indigenous community in Ciudad Perdida. They are one of the oldest ethnic groups in Colombia. The modern world has tried to impose its own culture on the Koguis. However, they have remained faithful to their roots, their traditions and their culture, which is characterized by being very traditional and close to nature.

It is estimated that there are currently about 3,000 Koguis in the country, of which the vast majority live in Ciudad Perdida.


In summary, Colombia’s indigenous communities have been in the country for many centuries. Although they have traditionally been marginalized and excluded, today they are gaining recognition for their valuable contribution to Colombian society. They are fundamental to the preservation of culture. Their traditional knowledge of sustainable agriculture and natural medicine is invaluable to the future of the country.


Lily is happy with a backpack on her back. Every year she travels through one country in Latin America and has repeated several times, especially Peru where she says she feels at home (although she says the same about Argentina, Chile and Bolivia).

She loves ceviche, hiking and Sunday picnics with her friends, although whenever you ask her, she's always planning her next destination.

Recommended Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *